Object pronoun is a type of personal pronoun. It is normally used as a grammatical object, either as the direct or indirect object of a verb, or as the object of a preposition. These pronouns always take the objective case, whether they are indirect object pronouns or direct object pronouns.
- An object pronoun generally precedes the conjugated verb, except if is used in an affirmative command, with an infinitive or gerund. Then it is attached to the verb as one word. Déme Ud. el libro. Give me the book.
- When you have more than one pronoun, the indirect comes before the direct. If both pronouns begin with the letter l, then the first one (the indirect pronoun) is changed to se. I gave it to him is se lo di not le lo di.
- When one or two object pronouns follow and are attached to the verb form, an accent mark must be added to retain the original stress of the word.
- For clearness or emphasis, the prepositional form of a plus a disjunctive pronoun may be used. Nos envió a Ud. He sent us to you. Me lo dio a mí. He gave it to me.
- Notice that the direct and indirect object forms for vos are both te.
- Ello is also used as a neuter disjunctive pronoun meaning it. Sí can mean yourself, himself, herself, yourselves or themselves. When con combines with mí, ti or sí, the words become conmigo, contigo and consigo. The forms of mismo (-a, -os, -as) can be added to these pronouns to express –self.
- In Spain, le and les are used as direct object pronouns in place of lo and los, but only when they refer to people, not things. This is called leísmo and its use corresponds to the same geographic region where vosotros is used in Spain (in northern and central regions.)
When the sentence is negative, the negative word directly precedes, or goes before the object pronouns.
No te la tengo. (I don’t have it for you.)
Ella nunca se lo compra. (She never buys it for them.)